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AVN Hip Treatment

  Osteonecrosis of the hip is a painful condition that occurs when the blood supply to the bone is disrupted. Because bone cells die without a blood supply, osteonecrosis can ultimately lead to destruction of the hip joint and arthritis.

Risk Factors :

Although it is not always known what causes the lack of blood supply, there are a number of risk factors that can make it more likely for someone to develop the disease:

  • Injury — Hip dislocations, hip fractures, and other injuries can damage the blood vessels and impair circulation to the femoral head

  • Alcoholism

  • Corticosteroid medicines

  • Osteonecrosis is associated with other diseases, including Caisson disease, sickle cell disease, myeloproliferative disorders, Gaucher’s disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn’s disease, arterial embolism, thombosis, and vasculitis.

Symptoms:

Patients often present with Pain in Hip region with difficulty in walking or sitting on the floor.

Diagnosis:

MRI is the investigation of choice to diagnose early cases of AVN Hip. Later changes may also appear in  x ray images.

Treatment:

Untreated AVN hip can lead to Degenerative Arthritis of Hip Joint necessitating Total Hip Replacement Surgery.  Early AVN Hip can be controlled and treated with medications and Core decompression surgery.